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Bistrita (German: Bistritz), city in Transylvania / POP.80,000



Description 

Bistrita, Transylvania, Romania

> The Lutheran Church in Bistrita’s Central Square.
> The Medieval Festival.
> Sugalete area.

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Although a Saxon town, it is remoted from the Saxon lands of Transylvania. It is located in the northern half of Transylvania, close to Cluj.

About Bistrita, Transylvania

It was one of the seven cities of Siebenburgen (the German name for Transylvania, meaning "Seven Cities"). Transylvanian Saxons settled the area in 1206 and called the region "Nosnerland". Situated on several trade routes, Bistriţa became a flourishing medieval trading post. In 1465, the city's fortifications had 18 defensive towers and bastions defended by the local guilds. It was also defended by a Kirchenburg, or fortified church. The town was badly damaged by fire five times between 1836 and 1850. It became part of Romania after 1919. After 1944, most of the German population was deported to the Soviet Union.

In Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, the character visits Bistrita and stays at the Golden Krone Hotel (Romanian: Coroana de Aur); no such hotel existed when the novel was written, a hotel of the same name has since been built for tourists.

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Places to visit in Bistrita, Romania

LANDMARKS
The Lutheran Church
...the 75m hight church is the main attraction of Bistrita's central square, built by the Transylvanian Saxons and originally constructed in the 14th century in Gothic style but later remodeled around 1560 with Renaissance features. It was renovated in 1998.

Sugalete
...is an area where 13 Rennaisance style buildings from the 15th and 16th century are located.

The ruins of Bistrita Citadel
...the citadel was built in the 13th century and rebuilt two centuries later. Each of its towers and bastions was defended by a guild. There are fragments from the old wall and a tower: "Turnul Dogarilor".


Concerts & Festivals in Transylvania

The Medieval Festival
...happens every summer and aims to bring us stories, knights and princesses from forgotten times.

The Interetnic Festival
...brings together in June folkloric enesembles belonging to various ethnic communities living in Transylvania.


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