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Constanta, The capital of Dobruja/ POP.302,000 (metro: 446,000)



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Constanta, Dobruja, Romania

> The Black Sea beaches.
> The summertime parties.
> The Casino.
> The Roman Mosaics.
> The Natural Sciences Museum.

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A major port on the Black Sea, located in the small region of Dobruja. Constanta can be reached in 3h east from Bucharest.

About Constanta, Dobruja

Constanta is the oldest still existing city in Romania, founded around 600 BC. The city is the capital and the largest city of Dobruja region of Romania, on the Black Sea coast. It is the largest port on the Black Sea, and the 4th largest in Europe. An average of 120,000 tourists and seasonal workers are in the area during the summer.

One of the largest cities in Romania, Constanţf0 a worth exploring for its old town center, historical monuments, ancient ruins, grand Casino, museums and shops, and proximity to beach resorts. The city has a beach length of 13 km (Mamaia, the largest resort on the Romanian coast is also a part of Constanta. Open-air restaurants, nightclubs and cabarets offer a wide variety of entertainment. Regional attractions include traditional villages, vineyards, ancient monuments and the Danube Delta, the largest and best preserved delta in EU. The A2 freeway, linking Constanţf0 a to Bucharest, is almost completed, construction will end in 2011. The city is served by the Mihail Kogalniceanu International Airport and a number of low-cost flights are also available. A large canal (the Danube-Black Sea Canal) connects the Danube River to the Black Sea at Constanţf0 a. One of the main European base of the US Army is located in Constanta.

Constanta (formerly known as Tomis) was a Greek colony; it was later renamed Constantiana by Constantine the Great. Constanta fell under the Ottoman rule in 15th century. In 19th century, after the Romanian War of Independence, Constanta and the rest of Northern Dobruja were ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Romania. The city became Romania's main seaport and transit point for much of Romania's exports; during World War II, when Romania joined the Axis powers, Constanta was one of the country's main targets for the Allied bombers.

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Places to visit in Constanta, Romania

PARKS AND GARDENS
The Black Sea coast
...you can do sunbathing or you can swim in the Black Sea. You can also find 6-7 kilometers of sandy beaches with absolutely no rocks right within the city, in Mamaia, a district of Constanta. There are lots of hotels, clubs and bars and the place becomes extremely popular and fashionable in the summer. South of Constanta, there is a long network of sea resorts, so there are plenty of beaches to choose from. You can get aboard a tour boat from the Tomis marina which will take you on a trip to the open seas and back.

Siutghiol Lake
...aka (Mamaia Lake) has 19 sq km; it is the place to practice water sports. A small island with a restaurant are located in the middle of the lake.


LANDMARKS
The Casino (Cazinoul)
...completed between the two World Wars in art nouveau style, features sumptuous architecture and a wonderful view of the sea; the pedestrian area around is a destination for couples and families, especially at sunset. It is the main symbol of Constanta.

The Genoese Lighthouse (Farul Genovez)
...this lighthouse was built in 1860 to honor Genoese merchants who established a flourishing sea trade community here in the 13th century.

The statue of Ovid
...he wrote his Tristia in Tomis. The statue was erected in 1887 after a public subscription.

The Roman Mosaics
...built 4th century AD, is a vast complex on three levels once linked the upper town to the harbor. Today, only about a third of the original edifice remains, including more than (850 m2) of colorful mosaics. Remains of the Roman public baths can still be seen nearby. Aqueducts brought water six miles (10 km) to the town.

The House with Lions (Casa cu Lei)
...blending pre-Romantic and Genovese architectural styles, its elegant salons hosted the Constanta Masonic Lodge.

St. Peter & Paul Orthodox Cathedral
...built 1883, the interior murals display a neo-Byzantine style combined with Romanian elements.

The Great Mahmudiye Mosque (Moscheea Mare Mahmoud II)
...built in 1910 by King Carol I, the mosque is the seat of the Mufti, the spiritual leader of the 55,000 Muslims in the region. Five times a day, the muezzin climbs to the top of the 50m minaret to call the faithful to prayer.

The Fantasio Theater (Teatrul Fantasio)
...a fine building featuring elements of neoclassical architecture, located in the heart of the city, on Ferdinand Boulevard.

MUSEUMS
The Natural Sciences Museum
...you can play with the dolphins and see the exotic birds. An observatory and a planetarium are also included.

The Aquarium
...the first one in Romania, it hosts most of the fish species from the Black Sea.

The Romanian Navy Museum
...was born in 1969 and it is the only one in Romania. The museum hosts charts, models, instruments, documents and photos.

Constanta Harbor Museum
...is where you can follow the seaport's history from the antiquity until today.

Folk Art Museum
...it is the only one where you can see the folk traditions of Dobruja region.

Constanta National History Museum
...has almost half a million objects in its portfolio. It displays an impressive collection of pieces from the Greek and Roman antiquity (for example, the Glykon Snake, Fortuna and Pontos, Two-faced Nemesis and countless amphorae).

EDUCATION
Constanta is an important educational center and hosts the Naval Academy, the Maritime University and two other colleges.

SHOPPING

City Park Mall, Tomis Mall

Concerts & Festivals in Dobruja

PERFORMING ARTS
The National Theatre, Opera and Ballet Theatre

EVENTS
Turk & Tatar Festival
...every year in the Autumn, the Turk and Tatar communities of Dobruja organize this festival dedicated to their ancient traditions.

The Opera Festival
...happens every Spring in Constanta for almost 40 years.

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