Top 10 Best of Danube Delta, Romania
Best of Danube Delta, Travel Guide
> You can watch over 320 types of migratory birds, coming from as far as Mongolia and Siberia.
> Taste the traditional dishes cooked by local fishermen.
> Flora and landscapes typical for a wetland, quite unique for the continent.
> Enjoy the silence of the least populated area in the temperate Europe.
> Hire a boat and a guide and contemplate the beauty of the small channels.
All destinations are within 100km range.
About Danube Delta Destinations, Romania
That's where Europe (as in the European Union) ends and the vast steppe of Ukraine and Russia begin. The largest river in EU flows 2.860 km to get here. Most of the Danube Delta is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage site. It is the largest and the best preserved delta in the European Union and is in the top 3 most important in the world. Around 2,700 sq.km of the delta are strictly protected areas. This is the place where you can find white pelicans, cormorants, swans and eagles, together with other hundreds of species.
The approximate surface is 4152 km≤, of which over 80% is in Romania. The modern Danube Delta began forming over 6.000 years ago in a gulf of the Black Sea, when the sea rose to its present level. A sandy barrier blocked the Danube gulf where the river initially built its delta. Upon filling the gulf with sediments, the delta advanced outside the barrier-blocked estuary after 3,500 B.C. building several successive lobes. The Danube Delta is a low alluvial plain, mostly covered by wetlands and water. It consists of an intricate pattern of marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes.
The Danube branches into three main arms into the delta, Chilia, Sulina, and Saint George, all navigable for the large vessels. The first two branches form the Tulcea channel, which continues as a single body for several kilometers after the separation from the Chilia. At the mouths of each channel gradual formation of new land takes place, as the delta continues to expand. Chilia is also the border line with Ukraine and 60% of Danube's water flows into the Black See on this branch.
BIRDS AND FISH
It hosts 23 natural ecosystems, but due to the extent of wetlands the aquatic environment is prevalent; Situated on major migratory routes, and providing adequate conditions for nesting and hatching, the Danube Delta is a magnet for birds from six major eco-regions of the world, including the Mongolian, Arctic and Siberian. There are over 320 species of birds found in the delta during summer, of which 166 are hatching species and 159 are migratory. Over one million individuals (swans, wild ducks, bald coots, etc.) winter here. You can also find 45 types of fish in the Delta.
Check with ARBDD (Danube Delta Biosphere Administration) in Tulcea for any kind of cruise.
Watch the pelicans on Murighiol Lake.
Take a ferry from Tulcea and stop in a fishing village.
Go on the Letea Island and see the oaks; some of them are older than 4 centuries. Be careful, though, the island is home to a species of venomous vipers. On the island there are five small villages.
The Danube Delta is perhaps the least inhabited region of temperate Europe. In the Romanian side live about 15,000 people, of which 4,600 in the port of Sulina, which gives an average density of approx. 2 inhabitants per km≤. The rest is scattered in 27 villages, only 3 with more than 500 people. The town of Tulcea, at the western edge of the delta, but not included in it, has a population of 92,000. It represents the node of the region and the gate to the delta. Romanians count for approximately 80%, and Ukrainians for 10%. Other people living in the delta include Greeks, Turks and Bulgarians. Distinctive for the region, but very vague as an ethnic entity are the Lipovans, descendants of the Orthodox Old Rite followers who fled Russia in the 18th century from religious persecution. About a third of the employed population is engaged in fishing and pisciculture, while another third is engaged in farming.
Ukraine attempted to develop Bistroe channel for industrial purposes but the EU and Romania blocked the initiative as it would have altered the ecosystem.