best romania » medieval towns » medias Medias (German: Mediasch), city in Transylvania / POP.55,000



Description 

Medias, Transylvania, Romania

> The Old Town, very well preserved.
> Very close to dozens of Saxon fortified churches.
> Tower of the Burglers and several other Medieval towers.
> St. Margaret Church.
> The Medieval Festival.

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The Saxon area of Transylvania, on Tarnava Mare river, one hour away from the city of Sibiu.

About Medias, Transylvania 

 Medias has one of the best preserved historical centers in Romania and also some well preserved medieval fortifications. It is one of the seven medieval cities of Siebenburgen (the German name for Transylvania, meaning "Seven Cities"). The city lies in the heart of the area which was inhabited by Transylvanian Saxons and dozens of fortified churches are located close to the city.

In the 13th century, the kings of Hungary invited Germany settlers known as Transylvanian Saxons to the area, who settled in the valley of the Tarnava Mare River. In the 14th-19th centuries, various manufacturers and professionals were members of "bresle" (guilds), the ones being founded in 1457. Two centuries later, Medias already had 33 unions. Wine is an old tradition of Medias, once called Weinland; it is visible even on the city's coat of arms (the Golden Mediasch wine was mentioned in Bram Stoker's Dracula).

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Places to visit in Medias, Romania

LANDMARKS
The Old Town
...is an open air museum. The Medieval monuments, in front of the Castle square, are unique in Transylvania.
The Tower of the Burglars
...and several other Medieval towers - Croitorilor, Trompetilor, Clopotelor, Fierarilor - that still exist. The 70 meters tall Burglars tower is one of the most impressive symbols of the city, built in the 13th century. During the next centuries, 8 tiers were added. The tower had a guard, who would sound his bugle whenever an enemy approached. The tower has a small wooden man who rings a bell, thus announcing in advance when the clock will ring on the hour. Because of the sandy soil, the tower is slightly tilted (about 2 m) to the North.
St. Margaret Church
...was the first church built in Medias, dated 1487. The church holds a valuable ensemble of wall Gothic paintings and the tower holds a clock indicating the phases of the Moon. The church was used as a prison for Vlad Tepes (known as “the Impaler”), the Prince of Wallachia, following a conflict with the Hungarian king, Matei Corvin.
The Franciscan Church and Monastery
...were built around 1444. The complex helds highly valuable pieces: the Seica Mica thesaurus, the Panade thesaurus, popular ceramics etc.

Concerts & Festivals in Transylvania

 The Medieval Festival
...in July, knights, medieval music and traditional crafts and archery clubs wait their visitors in the old Medieval city of Medias.

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