Also called "the Capital of Black Gold", as the city used to be the most important oil industry center in Europe. The world's first oil refinery was built here. Ploieşti is situated on the future highway Bucharest–Braşov, the main path linking the capital to the Western EU. The capital's main airport is very close and the ski resorts from Prahova Valley can also be reached in one hour driving. Ploieşti is the second railway center in the country after Bucharest, linking Bucharest with both Transylvania and Moldavia.
The town was established in 1596, during the reign of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave). It rapidly flourished as a center for trade and handicraft manufacturing in the 17th and 18th centuries. The road and the railway connecting Ploieşti to Transylvania was opened in 19th century. Many schools and hospitals were built around this time. In the mid-19th century, the Ploieşti region was one of the world's leading oil extraction and refinery sites. Although badly damaged after the November 1940 earthquake, the city was a significant source of oil for Nazi Germany and therefore attacked repeatedly. Ploieşti was captured by Soviet troops in August 1944. Following the war, the new Communist regime nationalised the oil industry. It was privatized after the 1989 Revolution. Ploieşti has experienced rapid economic growth due to its position close to Bucharest.
Places to visit in Ploiesti, Romania
PARKS AND GARDENS
...a few minutes driving out of Ploiesti, you'll get to Bucov Park; this is the place the locals go to relax during weekends. It has a 19th century small palace in the middle. A zoo is also located nearby.
The Palace of Culture
...finished in 1933, it is the most important architectural icons of Ploiesti.
The Central Hall
...one of the icons of Ploiesti was built in 1930 as the largest fruits & vegetables market. It is still used for its original purpose, as a cheaper and more natural alternative to supermarket food.
John the Baptist Cathedral
...60m tall, it has been built starting with 1923, on the spot where an older church used to be. The inside decorations are very nice.
...the oldest building in Ploiesti, built in 1639. It has been renovated several times.
Biserica Sfintii Voievozi
...the second oldest in Ploiesti, built starting with 1711.
The Clock Museum
...the only one of its kind in Romania, it has over 1.000 pieces, some of them very valuable.
The Oil Museum
...if you ever wondered what's behind most of the electricity you use and the car you drive, the answer is oil. This is the place to see how it happens.
The History Museum
...has over 150.000 pieces in its portfolio. It was opened in 1975 but the building is much older, 1865.
The Art Museum
...a small art museum hosted by a beautiful villa.
Except for a few buildings in the central area, most of the buildings are designed by the Communist regime, in its characteristic austere and realist manner.
The city is home to the Oil & Gas University.
Grand Center Mall
Concerts & Festivals in Wallachia
Ploiesti hosts a philarmonic orchestra and a Theatre.