Retezat National Park, Transylvania, Romania
> The first national park of Romania.
> Over 60 peaks higher than 2.300m.
> The largest glacial lake in Romania: Bucura.
> UNESCO protected area since 1979.
> One of the richest wildlife areas in Europe.
Containing more than 60 peaks over 2,300 metres (7,500 ft) and over 100 crystal clear deep glacier lakes, the Retezat Mountains are some of the most beautiful in the Carpathians. In 1935 the Government of Romania set aside an area of the Retezat Mountains creating the country's first national park. The area shelters one of Europe's last remaining intact old-growth forest and the continent's largest single area of pristine mixed forest.
Retezat belongs to the Transylvanian Alps and its highest peak is Peleaga, 2509m. The natural reserve area is located in the Retezat Mountains in Transylvania, covering an area of 381 km2. The highest peak of the Retezat Mountains, Peleaga, 2,509 metres is located in the park. The park also includes about 80 glacier lakes. The largest glacial lake in Romania, Bucura Lake, which covers 90.000 m2 is situated at an altitude of 2030 metres. In 1979 the Man and Biosphere Program of UNESCO included the park in the international network of biosphere reserve.
Fauna and vegetation
The flora consists of approximately 1190 plant species, of which 130 have the "endangered" or "vulnerable" status. Wolves, brown bear, wild boar, Eurasian Lynx, European Wildcat, chamois, Roe Deer and red deer, as well as small carnivore species such as Eurasian Badger and Eurasian otter populate the park. The "Gemenele" scientific reserve is a strictly protected area of the park enclosing an intact primeval forest.