Sighisoara Medieval Citadel, Transylvania, Romania
> One of the most beautiful citadels in Europe.
> Vlad the Impaler - Dracula's birthplace.
> The most important Medieval Festival in Romania.
> The Church on the Hill.
> The Clock Tower.
The citadel is located in the center of Sighisoara, a town belonging to the Saxon lands Transylvania, close to Szekelyfold area and the city of Tg.Mures.
About Sighisoara Medieval Citadel, Transylvania
Sighisoara is considered to be the best beautiful and well preserved preserved inhabited Medieval citadels in Europe. Sighisoara is probably the best example of Transylvanian Saxon architecture; it was built centuries ago by the Saxon settlers who found a home in Transylvania for 850 years. Sighisoara is located on the border region between the German-influenced culture of central Europe and the Byzantine-Orthodox culture of south-eastern Europe.
German craftsmen and merchants, The Transylvanian Saxons, were invited here by the King of Hungary during the 12th century, to settle and defend the frontier. The Saxon understood the strategic importance of the hill close to the Saes river and began to build fortifications around it. On the top of the hill they placed their church "Biserica din Deal". It took some time for the citadel to get to its final design. The guilds (15 guilds and 20 handicraft branches) and the merchants were the main reason behind the town's prosperity. The guilds were responsible for building the walls (up to 10m tall), the towers and the bastions. The citadel had 14 towers and 5 bastions; 9 towers and 3 bastions are still in place to testify for the amazing architectural beauty of this Medieval structure.
Places to visit in Sighisoara, Romania
The Medieval Citadel of Sighisoara has preserved in an exemplary way the features of a small medieval fortified city and it has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Sighisoara became one of the most important cities of Transylvania, with artisans from throughout the Holy Roman Empire visiting the settlement. Inside the citadel you can see the Clock Tower, the landmark of the city that is 64 meter high and was built in 1360. There's a Museum of History; the place offers a great view from the top. The Church on the Hill contains many frescoes and a crypt. A very old stone staircase with a wooden roof lead you there. Vlad the Impaler Dracula's birthplace is today a museum and is located next to the Weapons Museum (very small, but rich in medieval weapons). A statue of Vlad Tepes (aka Dracula) is located nearby.
The Medieval Festival is the most important in Romania, it is a 3 days festival where you go for the music, beer, knights and vampires and return after you've made dozens of new friends. The city's population doubles, tens of thousands of visitors flood to the city. Be here in July.