best romania » the communist legacy » the iron gates

The Iron Gates (Portile de Fier), Oltenia



Description 

The Iron Gates (Portile de Fier), Oltenia, Romania

> The largest dam on Danube, the longest river of EU.
> It was built during Ceausescu regime.
> 15% of all energy used in Romania is produced here
> It is placed in the Danube Gorges, the largest gorges of Europe.

Best Communist Legacy, Romania: Map >

The Iron Gate Gorge is the natural border between Romania and Serbia; the dam is located in the area where the regions of Oltenia and Banat-Crisana meet the Danube.

About The Iron Gates (Portile de Fier), Oltenia

Iron Gates is a gorge on the Danube River, a natural boundary between Serbia and Romania. In the broad sense it encompasses a route of 134 km; in the narrow sense it only encompasses the last barrier on this route, just beyond the Romanian city of Orsova, that contains a hydroelectric dam, with two power stations, Iron Gate I Hydro Power Plant and Iron Gate II Hydro Power Plant. It was one of the most important projects of Ceausescu.

DESCRIPTION
The construction of the joint Romanian-Yugoslavian mega project that would finally tame the river began in 1964. In Eight years later the Iron Gate Dam was opened, along with two hydroelectric power stations (Iron Gate I Hydro Power Plant and Iron Gate II Hydro Power Plant). The construction of this dam gave the valley of the Danube below Belgrade the nature of a reservoir, and additionally caused a 35 m rise in the water level of the river near the dam. Iron Gate I is the largest dam on the Danube, and one of the largest hydro power plants in Europe. At completion in 1972 it was one of the largest hydro plants in the world. The electricity was divided equally between the two countries. Iron Gate II project started in 1977 and completed in 1984.

The environment
The old Orsova town, and several other villages were relocated. The dam's construction had a major impact on the environment as well—for example, the spawning routes of several species of sturgeon were permanently interrupted. That said, the flora and fauna, as well as the geomorphological, archaeological and cultural historical artifacts of the Iron Gate have been under protection from both nations since the construction of the dam. In Romania, by the Portile de Fier National Park, protecting an area of over 1,000 sq km.

best romania: flights >


Places to visit in The Iron Gates (Portile de Fier), Romania

Obiectiv
Lorem ipsum
Obiectiv
Lorem ipsum


Concerts & Festivals in Oltenia

Lorem ipsum


Romania tours


Views: 315

Tags: ceausescu, communist, dam, danube, gorges, iron gates, map romania, oltenia, romania hotels, romania pictures, More…romania train, romania vacations, travel romania, turnu severin, weather romania

Comment

You need to be a member of Best Romania to add comments!

Join Best Romania

© 2014   Created by bestromania.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service