> The impressive landscapes along the 90 km long and up to 2.000m altitude road.
> Balea Lake, Balea Waterfall and Balea Reservation.
> Vidraru Lake and Vidraru Dam.
> The Ice Hotel.
> It is the 2nd most proeminent project of Ceausescu after the Palace of the Parliament.
The alpine portion of the road connecting the cities of Sibiu, in Transylvania and Pitesti, in Wallachia.
Transfagarasan might be the most spectacular road in the world.
Built as a strategic military route, The Transfagarasan is the highest and most dramatic paved road in Romania. It runs North to South across the tallest sections of the Carpathian Mountains, between the highest peak in the country, Moldoveanu, and the second highest, Negoiu. The road connects the historic regions of Transylvania and Wallachia, and the cities of Sibiu and Pitesti. The road climbs to 2,034 meters altitude. The most spectacular route is from the North. It is a winding road, dotted with steep hairpin turns, long S-curves, and sharp descents.
The road was constructed between 1970 and 1974, during the rule of Nicolae Ceausescu. It came as a response to the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union. Ceausescu wanted to ensure quick military access across the mountains in the event the Soviets attempted a similar move into Romania.
The most important auto show in Europe, Top Gear, visited Transfagarasan in 2009 and declared it "the best road in the world".
Places to visit on Transfagarasan, Romania
The Transfagarasan is both an attraction and a challenge for hikers, cyclists, drivers and motorcycle enthusiasts alike. The road is usually closed from late October until late June because of snow. Depending on the weather, it may remain open until as late as November. It has more tunnels and viaducts than any other road in Romania; in the vicinity of the highest point, at Balea Lake, the road passes through the longest road tunnel in Romania (884 m). It passes along Balea Lake, a natural reservation where you can also find the only ice hotel in Eastern Europe; the spectacular Balea Waterfall is also in the area and it is about 68m high.Vidraru Lake and Poenari Fortress
Among the attractions along the southern section of the road, near the village of Arefu, is the Poienari fortress. The castle served as the residence of Vlad III the Impaler, the king who inspired Bram Stoker's Dracula character. There is a parking area and a path to the ruins. Transfagarasan also passes along Vidraru Lake (10km long, 155m deep) and the Vidraru Dam; when it was completed in the 60's, it was in the top 10 largest in the world.